THE CONCEPT OF DEMOCRACY AND ALL ITS DETAILS
When it comes to Lecturette round in SSB interview there arises a long list of topics that could be put for discussion. One of the most essential topics is Democracy. Below is the complete illustration of this term and its various other notions.
The word Democracy has its origin in the Greek terminology demokratia meaning ‘rule by people’. It is a liberal and free form of government where citizens have the power to choose their leaders who would constitute the government. There are 23 basic kinds of democracy namely, direct and representative. As implied from the name in Direct Democracy people directly weigh the options and decide on legislature whereas in representative democracy people elect their representatives who decide on the legislature.
The concept of Democracy dates back to 5th century BC wherein places in the Greek states such as Athens adopted a theory that opposed Aristrocacy and named it as Democracy. It is contrary to the government where monarchy system or dictatorship prevails.
The prime objective of a Democratic government is to bestow power on every citizen to have a say in the collective social worth. In an impressive form Democracy could be explained as a government ‘by the people, for the people, of the people’.
Soon after the famous World Wars, the Democratic form of government came to be adopted by majority of countries and India is one of them.
In Indian democratic government the President of India is the head of the state while the Prime Minister is the head of the government. India is well known as the world’s largest democracy. Once the British rule ended officially in the year 1947 India took the functioning in its hands and adopted a democratic form of Government citizens of India get the right to vote and elect its leaders. The citizens in India vote irrespective of their caste, creed, religion or gender. Add to that, Indian democracy has another notable feature as per which there are five important democratic features: sovereign, secular, socialist, democratic and republic.
Citizens of India are indirectly the authority themselves as they possess the right to choose who is going to rule them and manage their matters.
Mahatma Gandhi rightly said explained this terminology when he quoted “I understood democracy as something that gives the weak the same chance as the strong.”
Following his ideals India continues to be on the path of a Democratic government today with welfare of its citizens as the central concern.