The United States of America has cleared a deal under which the USA will sell 31 MQ-B B SkyGuardian Drones to India. This deal was signed four months ago when Prime Minister Narendra Modi was on a visit to the USA. Under this deal, the USA will supply not only 31 31 MQ-B B SkyGuardian Drones but also Hellfire Missiles and other supporting equipment to India. Recent conflicts in Ukraine and Gaza have drones in warfare and highlighted the importance of drones in warfare. This is the latest and one of the most advanced weapons in the arsenal of India. In this article, we are going to talk about the capabilities and use of MQ-9 B SkyGuardian Drones. We will discuss the importance of MQ-9 B SkyGuardian Drones for India.
Armament of MQ-9 B SkyGuardian Drones
The MQ-9 Reaper, also known as the MQ-9 SkyGuardian, is an Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV) or drone developed by General Atomics Aeronautical Systems. This is a very capable drone armed with advanced weaponry. This drone has been extensively used by the US Army in its Afghanistan campaign during the war on terror.
AGM-114 Hellfire Missiles
The MQ-9 is equipped with Hellfire missiles, providing precision strike capabilities against ground targets. The Hellfire is an air-to-ground missile designed primarily for precision strikes against a variety of targets, including armored vehicles, structures, and enemy personnel. This is a very lethal missile due to its precision.
GBU-12 Paveway II Bombs
These laser-guided bombs are used for precision strikes against ground targets. The GBU-12 is a laser-guided bomb (LGB) that falls into the category of precision-guided munitions (PGMs). It is an upgrade of the earlier GBU-10 Paveway II, featuring a smaller warhead. The GBU-12 uses laser guidance for accurate targeting. Laser designation can be provided by either the launching aircraft or a third-party laser designator on the ground.
GBU-38 JDAM (Joint Direct Attack Munition)
JDAM kits are designed to convert conventional, unguided bombs into all-weather, precision-guided munitions. The JDAM kit adds a precision guidance system to the existing bomb, transforming it into a GPS-guided munition.
Other Capabilities of MQ-9 B SkyGuardian Drones
Long Range and Endurance
It has a considerable operational range of 1852 Km, enabling it to cover large areas and provide persistent surveillance capabilities. The MQ-9B SkyGuardian has a long endurance, capable of flying for up to 40 hours without refueling. This extended flight time allows for extended surveillance and reconnaissance missions. The drone can operate at high altitudes, typically flying at around 40,000 feet. This high altitude provides a broader perspective for surveillance and reconnaissance purposes.
The MQ-9B can carry a variety of payloads, including electro-optical and infrared sensors, radar systems, and signals intelligence equipment. This versatility allows it to perform various mission types. Higher Payload allows it to perform a variety of operations. Because of this feature of MQ-9 B Skyguardian has been extensively utilized by the US Forces in various operations such as Afghanistan Campaign.
MQ-9 B SkyGuardian Drones are armed with an inbuilt navigation system. The drone is equipped with advanced communication systems, allowing it to relay real-time data to ground control stations or other relevant entities. The use of satellite communication allows the drone to operate over long distances and beyond the line of sight, enhancing its operational flexibility.
Use of MQ-9 B SkyGuardian Drones for India
MQ-9 B SkyGuardian Drones can be utilized in the following roles in India-
Surveillance and Reconnaissance
The MQ-9B is equipped with advanced sensors, including electro-optical and infrared cameras, as well as radar systems. This enables it to conduct persistent surveillance and reconnaissance over a designated area. The drone can monitor activities on the ground, identify and track targets, and provide real-time intelligence to military commanders or operators.
The MQ-9B can be armed with munitions such as Hellfire missiles, allowing it to engage and neutralize targets. This strike capability adds a significant offensive dimension to its role. It provides a cost-effective and flexible platform for executing precision strikes against specific targets. MQ-9 B Skyguardian Drone can help in precision strike capabilities, these drones can target identified terrorist hideouts and training camps in remote and inaccessible regions, reducing the risk to Indian forces and minimizing collateral damage.
Search and Rescue
In disaster-stricken areas, the MQ-9B can assist in search and rescue operations by providing aerial reconnaissance and identifying areas in need of assistance. In the event of natural disasters like floods or earthquakes, these drones are deployed for rapid assessment of affected areas.
MQ-9B SkyGuardian drones can significantly contribute to India's national security by addressing border challenges, enhancing surveillance capabilities, and enabling rapid and informed responses to various situations. Recent global conflicts also indicate that India needs a powerful unmanned aerial vehicle so that India can deal with rising security challenges on its borders.