NDA 1 2023 Maths and GAT Complete Syllabus - Defence Guru

NDA 1 2023 Maths and GAT Complete Syllabus - Defence Guru
15-September 2022...........

NDA 2023 Exam Syllabus

According to the published exam calendar, the Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) will release the official notification for the NDA 1 2023 exam on December 21, 2022. Through the NDA entrance exam, the UPSC provides young male and female aspirants with an excellent opportunity to serve the country as defence officers. After passing the NDA entrance exam, young candidates can join the Indian Armed Forces by enrolling in the National Defence Academy, which is located in Khadakwasla, Pune, Maharashtra. Continue reading to learn more about the complete NDA 1 2023 Math and GAT syllabus.


Key Highlights of the NDA 1 2023 Exam 




Exam Name 

National Defence Academy - NDA 1 2023


NDA 151st Course

Exam Conducting Body 

Union Public Service Commission - UPSC

Official Website 

Welcome to UPSC | UPSC 

Application Mode 


Exam Frequency 

Twice a year 

Eligible Category 

Both Male and Female 

Educational Qualification 

10+2 Passed / Appearing 

Subjects Covered 

  • Mathematics

  • General Ability Test (GAT)

Mode of Exam 


Selection Process 

  • Written Exam 

  • SSB Interview

  • Medical Exam


NDA 1 2023 Syllabus and Exam Pattern

The NDA written examination consists of two sections, Mathematics and GAT (General Ability Test). The exam is conducted in an offline mode and consists of only objective-type questions with answers to be marked on an OMR sheet. The complete layout of the NDA exam pattern is given below.


  • Mathematics 

  • General Ability Test (GAT) including English 



Details of Papers 


Paper 1 (Mathematics)

Paper 2 (GAT)

No. of Questions


150 (English - 50)

Maximum Marks



Time Duration

2 ½ Hours 

2 ½ Hours

Positive Marking 

2.5 Marks

4 Marks

Negative Marking

0.83 Marks

1.33 Marks


Mathematics Syllabus for NDA 1 2023 Exam


  • The Mathematics section of the NDA written exam is a substantial portion of the exam which consists of 120 objective questions carrying a total of 300 marks. 

  • Following the latest exam pattern, sample papers, and previous year's question papers, applicants must attempt a significant number of questions to obtain the sectional cut-off score.

  • The major subjects covered in the Mathematics section with the highest weightage of marks are Algebra, Coordinate Geometry, Trigonometry, Statistics, Integral Calculus, Differential Equations, Matrices and Determinants.


GAT Syllabus for NDA 1 2023 Exam


  • The General Ability Test - GAT section of the NDA written examination is further divided into two parts, English and General Knowledge. 

  • Out of 150 objective questions asked in the GAT section, 50 questions belong to English and the remaining 100 questions are asked from General Knowledge. 

  • The General Knowledge part comprises questions from Physics, Chemistry, General Science, Social Studies, Geography, and Current Events.


NDA 1 2023 Mathematics Syllabus (Topic-wise)


  • Algebra

  • Matrices and Determinants

  • Trigonometry

  • Analytical Geometry of Two and Three Dimensions

  • Differential Calculus

  • Integral Calculus and Differential Equation

  • Vector Algebra

  • Statistics and Probability


NDA 1 2023 General Ability Test - GAT Syllabus ((Topic-wise)




  • Reading Comprehension

  • Grammar and Vocabulary

  • Synonyms and Antonym

  • Idioms and Phrases

  • One-word substitutions

  • Para Jumbles 

  • Spotting the Errors 

  • Sentence Sequencing




  • Physical Properties and States of Matter

  • Principle of Archimedes

  • Mass, Weight, Volume

  • Density and Specific Gravity

  • Velocity and Acceleration

  • Newton’s Laws of Motion

  • Stability and Equilibrium of Bodies

  • Sound waves and their Properties

  • Reflection and Refraction

  • Spherical Mirrors and Lenses

  • Natural and Artificial Magnets

  • Static and Current Electricity

  • Conductors and Non-conductors

  • Ohm’s Law 

  • Measurement of 

  • Electrical Power

  • Primary and Secondary Cells

  • Use of X-Rays




  • Physical and Chemical Changes

  • Symbols, Formulae, and Simple Chemical Equations

  • Elements, Mixtures, and Compounds

  • Law of Chemical Combination 

  • Preparation and Properties of Hydrogen, Oxygen, Nitrogen, and Carbon-dioxide

  • Properties of Air and Water

  • Oxidation and Reduction

  • Acids, Bases, and Salts

  • Fertilizers - Natural and Artificial

  • Elementary ideas about the Structure of Atom

  • Atomic Equivalent and Molecular Weights, Valency


General Science


  • Difference Between the Living and Non-living

  • Basis of Life—Cells, Protoplasm, and Tissues 

  • Common Epidemics - Causes and Prevention

  • Growth and Reproduction in Plants and Animals

  • Elementary Knowledge of the Human Body and its Important Organs 

  • Constituents of Food & Balanced Diet

  • The Solar System—Meteors and Comets, Eclipses


Social Studies (History and Polity)


  • Indian History - Culture and Civilisation 

  • Freedom Movement in India

  • Elementary Knowledge of Five Year Plans of India

  • Elementary Study of Indian Constitution and Administration

  • Panchayati Raj, Co-operatives and Community Development

  • Basic Teachings of Mahatma Gandhi

  • Bhoodan, Sarvodaya, National Integration and Welfare State

  • Renaissance, Exploration, and Discovery 

  • War of American Independence

  • French Revolution

  • Industrial Revolution and Russian Revolution

  • Impact of Science and Technology on Society

  • United Nations Organization (UNO) 

  • Concept of One World

  • Panchsheel, Democracy, Socialism, and Communism

  • Role of India in the Present World

  • Achievements of Eminent Scientists




  • The Earth - Shape, and Size

  • Latitudes and Longitudes

  • Concept of Time

  • International Date Line

  • Movements of Earth and their Effects

  • Origin of Earth

  • Rocks & Classifications - Weathering, Mechanical, and Chemical

  • Ocean Currents and Tides

  • Earthquakes and Volcanoes

  • The atmosphere and its Composition

  • Temperature and Atmospheric Pressure

  • Planetary Winds, Cyclones, and Anti-cyclones 

  • Humidity, Condensation, and Precipitation

  • Types of Climate

  • Major Natural Regions of the World

  • Regional Geography of India—Climate & Natural Vegetation 

  • Mineral and Power Resources

  • Location and Distribution of Agricultural and Industrial Activities

  • Important Sea Ports and Main Sea

  • Land and Air Routes of India

  • Main Items of Imports and Exports of India


Current Events


  • Important National Happenings and Events

  • Important International Happenings and Events

  • Current Important World Events

  • Prominent Personalities - Indian and International

  • Important Military Exercises

  • Latest Defence Deals

  • Sports and Awards

  • Heritage and Culture


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