SSB Interview Preparation, Online SSB Preparation, Crack SSB, Online Study Material for AFCAT, Online Study Material for CDS
2018-09-07 04:34:22

English Grammar Active and Passive Voice

Active and Passive Voice Rules

English Grammar - Active and Passive Voice Rules


Transitive verbs have both active and passive forms:




The hunter killed the lion.


The lion was killed by the hunter.

Someone has cleaned the windows


The windows have been cleaned

The passive forms are made up of the verb be with a past participle:



past participle





all over the world

The windows

have been




was being



The work

will be




might have been


to the party

We sometimes use the verb get to form the passive:

Be careful with the glass. It might get broken.
Peter got hurt in a crash.

If we want to show the person or thing doing the action we use by:

She was attacked by a dangerous dog.
The money was stolen by her husband.

We can use the indirect object as the subject of a passive verb:





I gave him a book for his birthday


He was given a book for his birthday.

Someone sent her a cheque for a thousand euros


She was sent a cheque for a thousand euros.

We can use phrasal verbs in the passive:





They called off the meeting.


The meeting was called off.

His grandmother looked after him.


He was looked after by his grandmother.

They will send him away to school.


He will be sent away to school.

Some verbs very frequently used in the passive are followed by the to-infinitive:


be supposed to

be expected to

be asked to

be scheduled to

be allowed to

be told to

John has been asked to make a speech at the meeting.
You are supposed to wear a uniform.
The meeting is scheduled to start at seven.


Leave a Reply

Defence Guru Team feels pleasure to appreciate from you ! Required fields are marked *.

Latest Comments (0)


Newsletter Sign Up

Sign up to our newsletter and get exclusive deals you will not find anywhere else straight to your inbox!