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2018-09-07 04:34:22

English Grammar Active and Passive Voice

Active and Passive Voice Rules

English Grammar - Active and Passive Voice Rules

 

Transitive verbs have both active and passive forms:

active

 

passive

The hunter killed the lion.

>>

The lion was killed by the hunter.

Someone has cleaned the windows

>>

The windows have been cleaned


The passive forms are made up of the verb be with a past participle:

 

be

past participle

 

English

is

spoken

all over the world

The windows

have been

cleaned

 

Lunch

was being

served

 

The work

will be

finished

soon

They

might have been

invited

to the party


We sometimes use the verb get to form the passive:

Be careful with the glass. It might get broken.
Peter got hurt in a crash.

If we want to show the person or thing doing the action we use by:

She was attacked by a dangerous dog.
The money was stolen by her husband.

We can use the indirect object as the subject of a passive verb:

 

active

 

passive

I gave him a book for his birthday

>>

He was given a book for his birthday.

Someone sent her a cheque for a thousand euros

>>

She was sent a cheque for a thousand euros.


We can use phrasal verbs in the passive:

 

active

 

passive

They called off the meeting.

>>

The meeting was called off.

His grandmother looked after him.

>>

He was looked after by his grandmother.

They will send him away to school.

>>

He will be sent away to school.

Some verbs very frequently used in the passive are followed by the to-infinitive:

 

be supposed to

be expected to

be asked to

be scheduled to

be allowed to

be told to

John has been asked to make a speech at the meeting.
You are supposed to wear a uniform.
The meeting is scheduled to start at seven.

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