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2018-09-07 04:38:27

English Grammar Adjectives-Degree of Comparison

Adjectives Degree of Comparison

English Grammar Adjectives - Degree of Comparison

Comparison can be made using the three forms of the adjective.

Adjective is a word and it qualifies a noun. It gives more information about the noun.
eg. The lion is a strong animal. Rita is a beautiful girl.
Adjectives are of three degrees. (1) Positive (2) Comparative (3) Superlative
eg. David is a rich man.
eg. Cancel is more dreadful than cholera.
eg. Mount Everest is the highest peak in the world.

Study the following models.

Positive

Comparative

Superlative

Very few boys in the class are as tall as John.

John is taller than any other boys in the class.

John is the tallest boy in the class.

John is taller than most other boys in the class.

John is one of the tallest boy in the class.

Adjective and Adverbs have three degrees, Positive, Comparative and Superlative.

The Pasitive Degree is used to denote the mere existence of quality.

The Positive Degree of an adjective in comparison is the adjective in its simple form. It is used to denote the mere existence of some quality of what we speak about. It is used when no comparison is made.

  • It is a tall building.
  • Apple is sweet to taste.

The Comparative Degree is used to compare the qualities of two persons or things.

The Comparative Degree denotes the existence of a higher degree of the quality than the positive. It is used when two things (or two sets of things) are compared.

  • This building is taller than any other building.
  • Apple is sweeter than pear.

The Superlative Degree denotes the existence of the highest degree of the quality. It is used when more than two things are compared.

  • This is the tallest building.
  • Apple is the sweetest fruit.

The Superlative Degree is used when more than two nouns or things are compared.

  • Johnsy is kind (Positive Degree)
  • Johnsy is kinder than Rosy (Comparative Degree)
  • Johnsy is the kindest of all (Superlative Degree)

By adding ‘er’ and ‘est’

POSITIVE

COMPARATIVE

SUPERLATIVE

bright

brighter

brightest

black

blacker

blackest

bold

bolder

boldest

clever

cleverer

cleverest

cold

colder

coldest

fast

faster

fastest

great

greater

greatest

high

higher

highest

kind

kinder

kindest

long

longer

longest

small

smaller

smallest

strong

stronger

strongest

sweet

sweeter

sweetest

tall

taller

tallest

young

younger

youngest

 

By adding ‘r’ and ‘st’

POSITIVE

COMPARATIVE

SUPERLATIVE

brave

braver

bravest

fine

finer

finest

large

larger

largest

nice

nicer

nicest

noble

nobler

noblest

pale

paler

palest

simple

simpler

simplest

wise

wiser

wisest

white

whiter

whitest

 

By deleting the final ‘y’ and adding ‘ier’ and ‘iest’

POSITIVE

COMPARATIVE

SUPERLATIVE

costly

costlier

costliest

dry

drier

driest

easy

easier

easiest

happy

happier

happiest

heavy

heavier

heaviest

lazy

lasier

lasiest

mercy

mercier

merciest

wealthy

wealthier

wealthiest

 

By doubling the final consonats

POSITIVE

COMPARATIVE

SUPERLATIVE

big

bigger

biggest

dim

dimmer

dimmest

fat

fatter

fattest

hot

hotter

hottest

thin

thinner

thinnest

 

By using more and most

POSITIVE

COMPARATIVE

SUPERLATIVE

active

more active

most active

attractive

more attractive

most attractive

beautiful

more beautiful

most beautiful

brilliant

more brilliant

most brilliant

careful

more careful

most careful

courageous

more courageous

most courageous

cunning

more cunning

most cunning

difficult

more difficult

most difficult

famous

more famous

most famous

faithful

more faithful

most faithful

proper

more proper

most proper

popular

more popular

most popular

splendid

more splendid

most splendid

 

Irregular Comparisons

POSITIVE

COMPARATIVE

SUPERLATIVE

bad

worse

worst

evil

worse

worst

good

better

best

ill

worse

worst

far

farther

farthest

well

better

best

late

later

latest

little

less

least

much

more

most

many

more

most

near

nearer

nearest

old

older

oldest

old

elder

eldest

Comparison between two things.

Positive

Comparative

Johnsy is as clever as Rosy

Rosy is not clever than Johnsy

Benjamin is atleast as tall as Jane

Jane is not taller than Benjamin

 

Comparative

Positive

Lazar is brighter than Stalin

Stalin is not so bright as Lazar

 

Superlative

Comparative

Positive

Akthar is the richest man in Kanpur

Akthar is richer than any other man in Kanpur

No other man in Kanpur is so rich as Akthar

 

Superlative

Comparative

Positive

London is one of the biggest city in England

London is bigger than most other city in England

Very few cities in England are so big as London

 

Superlative

Comparative

Positive

Sheakespear is the greatest of all dramatists

Shakespeare is greater than all other dramatists

No other dramatist is so great as Shakespeare

 

Positive

Comparative

Lazar is as strong as Lenin

Lenin is not less strong than Lazar

 

Positive

Comparative

Superlative

Some boys in our class are at least as intelligent as Benjamin

Some boys in our class are not intelligent than Benjamin

Benjamin is not the most intelligent boy in our class

                               

 

1. When we compare two objects, persons, qualities, degrees etc. tha tare some respects equal, we may use the comparion of equality. This is formed by the use of

as... adjective / adverb... as
eg. Your house is as large as mine.

2. When we compare unquals, we may use the comparative degree of the adjective or adverb with than

eg. His new book is more interesting than his earlier books

3. When the comparison is negative, we use

so... adjective / adverb... as
eg. Your house is not quite so large as mine.

4. In some adverbial clauses of comparison both subject and verb are dropped.

eg. He is more shy than (he is) unsocial.
Some people think more about their rights than (they do) about their duties.

5. In clauses of comparison introduced by than that ‘should’ is used.

eg. I am already to do the work myself rather than that you should have to do it.

6.Comparison and contrast are also expressed by the use of

the...the...with comparatives.
eg. The sooner you start, the sooner you’ll finish.
The more he read, the less he understood.

 

 

Superlative

Comparative

Positive

Iron is the most useful of all metals.

Iron is more useful than any other metal.

No other metal is so useful as iron.

 

Superlative

Comparative

Positive

Tom is the cleverest of all boys in the class.

Tom is cleverer than any other boy in the class.

No other boy in the class is so clever as Tom.

 

Superlative

Comparative

Positive

Rain water is the purest water.

Rain water is purer than any other water.

No other water is so pure as rain water.

 

Superlative

Comparative

Positive

Paris is one of the busiest cities in England.

Paris is busier than most other cities in England.

Very few cities in England are as busy as Paris.

 

Positive

Comparative

Superlative

Very few animals are as fast as cheetah.

Cheetah is faster than most other animals.

Cheetah is one of the fastest animals.

 

Superlative

Comparative

Positive

Food ball is one of the most interesting games.

Foot ball is more interesting than most other games.

Very few games are as interesting as foot ball.

 

Comparative

Positive

Paris is hotter than England.

England is not so hot as Paris.

 

Positive

Comparative

John is as tall as David.

David is not taller than John.

 

Comparative

Positive

The Blue Mountain Express runs faster than the Green Express.

The Green Express does not run so fast as the Blue Mountain Express.

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